Bí-kok

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Bí-kok
United States of America
Flag of the United States.svg Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg
Kok-kî Kok-hui
Chu-kù: In God We Trust (Koaⁿ-hong, Eng-bûn)
"Lán Sìn Siōng-tè"

E Pluribus Unum (Thôan-thóng, Latin-gí)
"Ha̍h Chiòng Ûi It"
Kok-koa: Seng-tiâu-kî
Chìn-hêng-khek: Éng-oán ê Seng-tiâu-kî
Chū-jiân tē-lí
(si̍t-chè khòng-chè tē-khu)
Bí-kok ê só͘-chāi
Bí-kok ê só͘-chāi.
Siú-to͘ Washington, D.C.
Siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī New York Chhī
Bīn-chek
  • Kok-thó͘ bīn-chek: 9,631,418 km² pâi sè-kài tē-3 miâ
Sî-khu UTC-5 kàu UTC-10

(Hā-lēng-sî:
UTC-4 kàu UTC -10
)

Jîn-bîn seng-oa̍h
Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân Eng-gí
Jîn-kháu


Chèng-tī bûn-hoà
Kok-ka léng-tō-jîn
chú-iàu cheh-ji̍t to̍k-li̍p-ji̍t
Keng-chè si̍t-le̍k
Tiong-iong gîn-hâng Liân-pang thû-pī gîn-hâng
hoè-pè tan-ūi Bí-kim ($) (USD)
Gini hē-sò͘ 40.8(2013 nî)
GDP (bêng-gī siōng ê) 174,189.25 ek (2013 nî)
Pêng-kin GDP (bêng-gī siōng ê) 54,596 (2013 nî)
HDI 0.914 (2013 nî)
Kok-ka chu-liāu
Kok-ka tāi-hō USA
bāng-he̍k miâ-chheng sok-siá .us
kok-chè tiān-oē khu-hō +1

Bí-kok (Hàn-jī: 米國 ia̍h-sī 美國), choân-miâ America Ha̍p-chiòng-kok (Eng-gí: United States of America, "Tī Bí-chiu ê Liân-ha̍p-chiu") sī tī Pak Bí-chiu, Thài-pêng-iûⁿ ê 1 ê liân-pang kiōng-hô-kok. I ê niá-thó· tùi tang-pō͘ ê Tāi-se-iûⁿ hái-hoāⁿ kàu kah se-pō͘ ê Thài-pêng-iûⁿ. Pak-pêng ê lio̍k-tē piⁿ-kài kap Canada sio-liâm; lâm-pêng kap México sio-óa. Tī sai-pêng hái-siōng hām Lō͘-se-a sio-tú. Lēng-gōa koh ū hái-gōa ê niá-thó͘, pau-koat Puerto Rico, Midway Khoân-chiau, Guahan. Bí-kok ū 50 ê chiu; tī liân-pang chè-tō· hā, in bó͘-chióng thêng-tō͘ ū ka-kī tē-hng ê chū-tī-koân.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Siông-sè: Bí-kok ê tē-lí

Chiap tī Ka-ná-tah ê Iân-hái-tē (The Maritimes), sī Sin Eng-lân ê pak-pō͘, lāi-bīn hâm Maine, New Hampshire, kap Vermont; in hiòng lâm sī kang-gia̍p hoat-ta̍t ê lâm-pō͘ Sin Eng-lân, pau-koat Massachusetts, Connecticut kap Rhode Island.[1]

Sin Eng-lân ê soaⁿ-tē thang kòe New Jersey ê pak-pō͘, thòng ji̍p Pennsylvania ê tang-pō͘. Chit tè koân-tē hō chò Reading Prong, ū Hudson Kang tùi tang-tiong chhiat khui keng-kòe.[2]

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Siōng-bô tī 15,000 nî í-chêng, siōng chá ê chū-bîn chio̍h keng-kòe Siberia lâi kàu Pak Bí-chiu. Pí-lūn kî-tiong chi̍t kûn sī Mississippi bûn-hòa, ùi lông-gia̍p, kiàn-tio̍k, kok-ka-hòa ê siā-hōe lóng ū it-tēng ê hoat-tián.

Ha̍k-kài tùi hiān-chāi sio̍k Bí-kok chia só͘-chāi tī Au-chiu-lâng lâi kàu chìn-chêng ê jîn-kháu bô chheng-chhó ê sò͘-jī, chóng-sī ē-tàng thui-chhek tai-khài 200 bān kàu 1000 bān chó͘-iū. Chāi-tē bûn-bêng ê seng-gōa hong-sek kok-tē bô kâng; hit-chūn, chhin-chhiūⁿ khiā tī kin-á-ji̍t Ohio kap Illinois tē-hng ê Hopewell lâng, chin gâu chè-chō kim-sio̍k-khì, sī lông-gia̍p-sek ê siā-hōe; Nā chhiūⁿ Mississippi kap Missouri ê Cahokia lâng, sī khah chū-jiân seng-oa̍h ê siā-hōe[3].

Jîn-kháu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chú-iàu siân-chhī

Chèng-hú kap chèng-tī[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chèng-tī hun-khu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Siông-sè: Bí-kok ê chiu

Bí-kok ê Chòe-ko Hoat-īⁿ tī 1999 nî Alden v. Maine àn-kiāⁿ ê châi-phòaⁿ tang-tiong, chí chhut Bí-kok Hiàn-hoat sī kā Bí-kok ê chú-iàu chú-khoân ê tiòng-iàu chi̍t pō͘-hūn lâu hō͘ koh chiu (state), lâi pó-chûn koh chiu ê chú-khoân tē-ūi. Chi̍t khoán hêng-sek thang chheng chò sī "siang-têng chú-khoân-sèng" (dual sovereignty).[4]

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Su-chì[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  • Grant, Susan-Mary (2012). A Concise History of the United States of America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521612791. 
  • Hudson, John C. (2002). Across This Land: A Regional Geography of the United States and Canada. The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-6567-0. 

Chù-kha[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Hudson 2002, p. 45
  2. Hudson 2002, p. 67
  3. Grant 2012, p. 11
  4. Timothy Zick (2005). "Are the States Sovereign?". Faculty Publications (William & Mary Law School Scholarship Repository).